Robert Litwak, vice-president for programs and director of international security studies at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, addressed the Washington History Seminar Monday, September 19, on U.S. relations with “rogue states” such as Libya and North Korea.
According to Litwak, a former director for nonproliferation on the National Security Council staff, the term “rogue states” entered the U.S. foreign policy lexicon after the Cold War to designate regimes that employed terrorism as an instrument of state policy and attempted to acquire weapons of mass destruction in pursuit of policy goals. Named to the core group were Iraq, Libya, Iran, and North Korea. Iraq and Libya have since experienced U.S.-directed or U.S.-assisted regime change. Litwak discussed the implications for the ongoing challenges to international order and American security posed by Iran and North Korea. He also explored how states that egregiously violate international norms can be reintegrated into the “family” or “community”
An adjunct professor at Georgetown University’s School of Foreign Service, Litwak is the author of books including Rogue States and U.S. Foreign Policy: Containment after the Cold War (2000) and Regime Change: U.S. Strategy through the Prism of 9/11 (2007).
A webcast of Litwack’s seminar is available at Rogue States.
The Washington History Seminar is co-sponsored by the National History Center and the Woodrow Wilson Center, with assistance from the Society for Historians of American Foreign Relations. To be added to the e-mail list for future meetings of the seminar, please e-mail NHC Associate Director Marian J. Barber at email@example.com.